“Lie” indicates a state of reclining on a horizontal plane, according to The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law. It does not take a direct object. The past tense is “lay.”
“Lay” takes a direct object.
The forms are: lie; lay; lain; lying and lay; laid; laid and laying.
This is a bit confusing, so here are some examples to better illustrate this point.
AP Style uses the following sentences for present and future tenses.
I will lay the book on the table.
The prosecutor tried to lay the blame on him.
He lies on the beach all day.
I will lie down.
But, in the past tense, it is:
I laid the book on the table.
He lay on the beach all day.
He has lain on the beach all day.
I lay down.
With the present participle:
I am laying the book on the table.
He is lying on the beach.
I am lying down.
Flash Fiction Fridays has great piece by Sharon Cupp Pennington on tap for this week as Family Gatherings month continues.