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Single Quotation Marks Within Double Quotes: Where Does the Period Go?

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Posted byKAREN WOJCIK BERNER


Every Wednesday, Editing for Grammarphobes 2.0 features handy tips to enhance all of our writing, from daily emails to articles to books. After all, everyone needs to write, right?


I received an email from Leah Rae with a question about punctuation in relation to closing quotation marks. 
My question is punctuation. I know how to use double quotes. Period, then last quotation mark. But when you have a word or two in single quotes, does the same hold true? Looks wrong not to have period outside last single quote. Thanks.

Leah Rae, thanks for your email. It can get a little confusing, especially if you read British novels, which have their own quotation mark rules that aren’t similar to American English. We’re lucky with this one because, for once, the Chicago Manual of Style and the Associated Press Stylebook both use the same rule.

Periods and commas should always be within quotation marks, regardless of whether they are used within single or double quotes.

Scanning Through CMS

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Posted by KAREN WOJCIK BERNER


Every Wednesday, Editing for Grammarphobes 2.0 features handy tips to enhance all of our writing, from daily emails to articles to books. After all, everyone needs to write, right?




The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) doesn’t update nearly as much as the Associated Press Stylebook (AP Style). Seven years have passed between the last edition and the most recent, which was released in September.
The new CMS features many updates, additions, and clarifications, chief among the grammar and editing rules is making the “i” in internet lowercase and dropping the hyphen from email as AP Style does. (For a full list of updates, click here.)
While I was paging through the volume, I noticed a few things in the “Word Usage” section that caught my eye. I thought I’d share them with you today.

Bombastic
Bombastic has nothing to do with temper. CMS states that “a bombastic speech or essay is pompously long-winded and self-important but essentially empty of substance.”

Between y…

New Year, More New AP Style Rules

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Posted by KAREN WOJCIK BERNER


Every Wednesday, Editing for Grammarphobes 2.0 features handy tips to enhance all of our writing, from daily emails to articles to books. After all, everyone needs to write, right?






The Greek philosopher Heraclitus of Ephesus (c. 535 B.C.-475 B.C.) is credited with the much-paraphrased statement that change is the only constant. It’s that way in life, and it most certainly holds true for languages. Words are added to the dictionary every year, and new situations arise that require written explanation.

Published in August, 1977, the first edition of the Associated Press Stylebook (AP Style) attempted to standardize how things would appear in newspapers and magazines across the U.S. The latest stylebook is the 52nd edition.

What’s New?

There are more than 200 new and modified entries. Some are evident in their reasoning, such as the new entry on gender-related terms and issues, while others merely feature a more-correct spelling, as in using kimchi when referr…

End of the Year Quickie: Gross vs. Net

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Posted by KAREN WOJCIK BERNER


Every Wednesday, Editing for Grammarphobes 2.0 features handy tips to enhance all of our writing, from daily emails to articles to books. After all, everyone needs to write, right?





Let's close out 2017 with one Editing for Grammarphobes quickie, shall we?

Since tax time is just around the corner, do you know the difference between gross and net?

Gross income is the amount of salary or wages paid to an individual by an employer before any deductions are taken out.

Net income is the residual amount of earnings after all expenses have been deducted.

Thank you all for spending time with me this year. I have known many of you through this blog since its inception in 2010. Can you believe it? I truly treasure you all. It's nice to know you have friends all over the world.

Thank you to my new EFG Digest subscribers. It's been an exciting year expanding Editing for Grammarphobes and sharing grammar facts with you. I'm so glad you're a part of the …

What's the Origin of 'Xmas?'

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Posted by KAREN WOJCIK BERNER

Every Wednesday, Editing for Grammarphobes 2.0 features handy tips to enhance all of our writing, from daily emails to articles to books. After all, everyone needs to write, right?




With Christmas only five days away, I thought we’d discuss some words and phrases associated with the holiday and the origins behind them.



Christmastime

The Associated Press Stylebook 2016 (AP) states Christmastime should be all one word.


Christmas tree

AP suggests to lowercase the word tree and other seasonal terms paired with Christmas, including Christmas card, Christmas wreath, and Christmas carol. The exception is the National Christmas Tree. Why? Probably because it's an official title. That's my guess.


Reindeer

Reindeer is both a singular and plural word. Every time someone uses reindeers, an angel loses its wings. Just kidding. But seriously, don’t do it.


Magi

According to the Bible, the Magi are the wise men who visited baby Jesus. This visit is commemorated by Chri…

Can You Name All Seven Jewish Holy Days?

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Posted by KAREN WOJCIK BERNER


Every Wednesday, Editing for Grammarphobes 2.0 features handy tips to enhance all of our writing, from daily emails to articles to books. After all, everyone needs to write, right?




Since we are in the midst of Hanukkah, I thought it would be a great time to feature some Jewish words and terms on Editing for Grammarphobes today. 



Judaism

According to the Associated Press Stylebook 2016 (AP), "Jews believe the divine kingdom will be established on Earth, opening a messianic era that will be marked with peace and bliss. They believe they have a mandate from God to work toward the kingdom.”

The spiritual leader of the synagogue (house of worship) is called a rabbi. The cantor leads the congregation in song. AP states these titles should be capitalized before an individual’s full name on first reference. On second reference, use only the last name.

There are no synods, assemblies, or hierarchies in Judaism. Each individual synagogue is autonomous. 

There are, ho…

How Many Cupcakes in a Baker’s Dozen?

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Posted by KAREN WOJCIK BERNER


Every Wednesday, Editing for Grammarphobes 2.0 features handy tips to enhance all of our writing, from daily emails to articles to books. After all, everyone needs to write, right?






The holiday season ushers in a flurry of activity—decorating, parties, shopping—but it wouldn’t be complete without the scent of something baking in the oven. So, today I thought we could tackle some baking words on Editing for Grammarphobes. 

For example, do you know the difference between a macaron and a macaroon?

Whether you are a food writer or not, you never know when you’ll need these words in a story, an article, or even an email.


All-purpose flour 

The name for general white, wheat flour that can be used for most baking.


Baker’s dozen

A baker’s dozen contains 13 items, not 12. 

According to Mental Floss, this custom dates back to the 13th century, when British bakers were “notorious for shorting customers with skimpy loaves. King Henry III was so irked by the problem that he imp…